Pressure in Head - Complete detail about its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Pressure in head: Are you looking for detail about pressure in the head and ears? or Finding the answer of "what causes pressure in the head?" If yes, Here we provided complete information about it.  Let's start it.

What is pressure in the head?

Pressure in the head is a sensation of tightness, throbbing or pain affecting the head, which includes the face, scalp, skull, and brain. Pressure in the head may frequently be described as a headache and can affect all or just a portion of the head.

Feeling head pressure or a headache is very common, and people of any age group or population can experience pressure in the head. Head pressure and headaches can be caused by such common conditions as inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis), a cold, or allergies. Head pressure may feel slightly uncomfortable, such as with a mild tension headache or sinus congestion, or it may cause severe pain, such as that due to a migraine headache or head injury.

In medical terms, pressure head can also refer to a serious condition in which there is an increase in intracranial pressure inside the skull. However, feeling like you have head pressure or a headache does not necessarily mean that you have increased intracranial pressure.

Head pressure causes:

Head pressure, medically referred to as intracranial pressure, is pressure between the skull and the brain. Too much pressure in the head can restrict blood flow to the brain and press on structures in the brain. It is a serious medical condition that has the potential to cause severe damage to the brain or spinal cord. Contact your doctor if you experience pressure in the head. Symptoms of abnormal head pressure include lethargy, behavior changes, headache, seizures and vomiting.

Meningitis literally means the inflammation of the meninges, which are membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. When the meninges become inflamed, they swell up and take up more space in the central nervous system, which causes head pressure. There are two types of meningitis: bacterial and viral. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but life-threatening. Viral meningitis is the more common form. The viruses and bacteria that cause meningitis are easily spread in crowded places, such as college dorms and boarding schools. Symptoms of meningitis include fever, lethargy, headache, irritability, stiff neck and skin rashes. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that must be treated promptly with intravenous antibiotics and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation. Without treatment, bacterial meningitis can lead to brain damage or death. Viral meningitis usually resolves itself in seven to 10 days without treatment, but bed rest and increased intake of fluid is recommended until the infection goes away, according to Kids Health.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain that usually occurs as a result of a viral infection. As the brain swells, it presses against the hard bone of the skull, which results in head pressure. Encephalitis may be primary or secondary. Primary encephalitis occurs as a result of a direct invasion of the brain or spinal cord by a virus. Secondary encephalitis occurs as a result of a viral infection that affects another part of the body and then travels to the brain. Most cases of encephalitis are minor and symptoms include headache, irritability, lethargy, fever and joint pain. Symptoms of more severe cases include confusion, changes in personality, double vision, seizures, muscle weakness, loss of sensation and tremors. Most cases of encephalitis resolve on their own with bed rest, increased fluid intake and pain relievers to reduce headache, according to the Mayo Clinic. Depending on the type of virus that is causing the inflammation, some cases improve with the use of anti-viral medications, as well.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
The subarachnoid space is the small area between the brain and the tissue that covers the brain. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding that occurs in the subarachnoid space. When blood fills that small space, it results in head pressure. A subarachnoid hemorrhage may be a result of a bleeding disorder, head injury, aneurysm or brain abnormalities. Symptoms of a subarachnoid hemorrhage include decreased consciousness, loss of feeling, personality changes, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck and vision problems, according to Medline Plus. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. An emergency surgery will be performed during which the surgeon will remove the excess blood from the brain and try to repair the cause of bleeding. Blood pressure medications and painkillers will also be given to reduce head pressure and reduce headaches.

Head feels heavy:

A heavy feeling in the head can make getting through the day particularly difficult. You may feel like you can’t hold your head up, or it might feel like you have a tight band around your head. A heavy head is often associated with:
  • Tiredness
  • Brain fog
  • Headaches
  • Neck pain
  • Dizziness
  • Pressure in the face and head
A head that feels heavy can be a symptom of many different conditions, so pinpointing the exact cause of a heavy feeling in the head can be challenging. You’ll need to assess your other symptoms and recent life events to help you figure out why your head feels heavy.

What are symptoms of pressure in the head?

Symptoms that might accompany head pressure or a headache include:
  • Aura (visual disturbances and other sensory changes that may occur in some people just before a migraine headache)
  • Chills
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Earache or inability to pop your ears
  • Facial pain or pressure
  • Flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches, and pains)
  • Light-headedness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Stuffy nose, runny nose, or postnasal drip
  • Sudden, overwhelming fatigue and the need to lie down in a dark, quiet room to sleep, which is common with migraine headaches

How to relieve pressure in head?

Treatment depends on the underlying condition. You should tell your doctor about any other symptoms you’re experiencing along with head heaviness. Your doctor will take a medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also do some blood tests to check for other conditions, like anaemia or a thyroid disorder.
Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may refer you to a neurologist to look for brain abnormalities or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor to check for inner ear problems.
If your head heaviness is caused by fatigue, malnutrition, or dehydration, make sure you’re:
  • getting enough sleep
  • eating a well-balanced diet
  • drinking enough water
Ice, stretching, massage, and over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications can help treat neck strain.
Your doctor may also prescribe medications to treat certain conditions. For example:
  • preventive medications for migraines
  • supplements to treat iron-deficiency anaemia or other vitamin deficiencies
  • antihistamines and decongestants to treat allergies or sinus infections
  • thyroid hormone medications
  • anti-anxiety medications
  • drugs to treat vertigo
Of course, whether or not your doctor chooses to prescribe a medication will depend on your diagnosis.

Pressure in head and dizzy:

Dizziness is a broad term used to explain how we feel when our sense of balance is not quite right. The term encompasses a variety of sensations that can mean different things to different people. If you have ever been dizzy, you may have found it difficult to describe exactly how it made you feel. Some people who report feeling dizzy say they feel as if everything is spinning around them, or as if they are spinning or turning themselves. This is what doctors usually mean when they refer to vertigo. Others describe feeling wobbly or unsteady as if they were on a boat. And still, others may describe their dizziness as a feeling of “floating”, lightheadedness or “giddiness”.
Dizziness can be caused by a number of different factors, including a variety of problems within the balance control mechanism itself. How we control our balance is a complex process involving many different parts of the body.
The dizziness, lightheadedness, unsteadiness or vertigo sensations you may feel are very real. Specific causes can be identified with an appropriate medical evaluation and tests conducted by a qualified clinician. The great news is that, once identified, most dizziness disorders can be successfully treated.
If you are suffering from dizziness or vertigo, it is important that you seek out medical professionals who are qualified in this area. There are specialists who are equipped to conduct the necessary medical tests to determine the cause of your dizziness and prescribe the best treatment for you.
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